Monday, September 9, 2013

Free DUMP PMI-ACP 41


Question 1 of 41
What problem IS NOT a result from plans being based on activities rather than deliverable features?
Correct answer: D)
You chose: C)
A)
Work expands so as to fill the time available for its activity completion
B)
Activities often start late (because of the dependencies) and lateness will get passed down the schedule
Incorrect answer
C)
Activities are not independent often
Missed correct answer
D)
To complete activity takes usually more time than to complete a feature
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
Reasons why activity-based planning leads to schedule overruns include: activities don't finish early, lateness is passed down the schedule, activities are not independent.
Question 2 of 41
Why are budget and schedule listed as conditions of satisfaction to be considered during release planning but not during iteration planning?
Correct answer: C)
You chose: C)
A)
Iteration planning does not consider schedule or budget
B)
Budget and schedule are never conditions of satisfaction of agile teams
Correct answer
C)
Because iteration planning implies a fixed schedule and budget
D)
The answer is incorrect. Budget and schedule are both important for release and iteration planning
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
Iterations are timeboxed, so schedule and budget are always fixed too. During iteration planning we talk about the tasks that will be needed to transform a feature request into working and tested software.
Question 3 of 41
Which of the following is another name for an Ishikawa diagram?
Correct answer: A)
You chose: C)
Missed correct answer
A)
Cause and Effect Diagram
B)
Bell Curve
Incorrect answer
C)
Pareto Diagram
D)
Trend Analysis
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
Ishikawa diagram is also known as Cause and Effect Diagram, Fishbone diagram.
Question 4 of 41
Each iteration must be fully regression tested. May the cost (usually in terms of time) be considered an important reason for having four-week iterations instead of shorter ones?
Correct answer: C)
You chose: C)
A)
No, this may not be considered an important reason for having such a long iteration cycle
B)
Iteration does not need to be fully regression tested, therefore it is not an important reason
Correct answer
C)
Yes, it's an important reason
D)
Not enough information provided
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
There are costs associated with each iteration. For example, each iteration must be fully regression tested. If this is costly (usually in terms of time), the team may prefer longer, four-week iterations. Remember, that each increment should be potentially shipped. This includes fully regression testing.
Question 5 of 41
All of the following are techniques of estimating the Team's velocity except:
Correct answer: D)
You chose: D)
A)
Make a forecast
B)
Run an iteration
C)
Use historical values
Correct answer
D)
Expert Opinion
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
One of the challenges of planning a release is estimating the velocity of the team. You have the following three options: Use historical values, Run an iteration, Make a forecast.
Question 6 of 41
What Agile framework refers to the sorting named the MoSCoW rules?
Correct answer: C)
You chose: C)
A)
Scrum
B)
Crystal
Correct answer
C)
DSDM
D)
Kanban
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
On DSDM projects requirements are sorted into four categories: Must Have, Should Have, Could Have, Won't Have. DSDM refers to this sorting as the MoSCoW rules.
Question 7 of 41
What is true about a open-ended, context-free question?
Correct answer: D)
You chose: D)
A)
It influences the response
B)
It does not allow detailed response
C)
It doesn't allow a broader range of responses than yes or no
Correct answer
D)
Context-free questions do not imply an answer
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
Context-free questions do not imply an answer ("When did you stop beating your wife?") so the respondent does not feel a need to give the "right" answer. Open-ended questions allow detailed responses that go beyond a simple yes or no. Open-ended, context-free questions are best because they do not influence the response and they allow a broader range of responses than yes or no.
Question 8 of 41
The Team began incorporating a short greeting period at the beginning of each meeting. They discuss ordinary subjects such as the weather, each person's wellness, and anything else that came to mind. This practice is called:
Correct answer: B)
You chose: A)
Incorrect answer
A)
Gentle-talk
Missed correct answer
B)
Small-Talk
C)
Retro-talk
D)
Soft-talk
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
Small-talk allows everyone to relax and get a feel for how the other members were doing that day, which contributes to a more pleasant meeting.
Question 9 of 41
What definition best describes the role of the Agile Coach in an Agile Team?
Correct answer: B)
You chose: D)
A)
Subject-matter expert
Missed correct answer
B)
Facilitator
C)
Project Manager
Incorrect answer
D)
None of the above
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
The agile coach facilitates by creating a "container" for the team to fill up with their astounding ideas and innovations. The container, often a set of agenda questions or some other lightweight (and flexible) structure, gives the team just enough of a frame to stay on their purpose and promotes an environment for richer interaction, a place where fantastic ideas can be heard. The coach creates the container; the team creates the content.
Question 10 of 41
What is the best time for the Product Owner to make grooming?
Correct answer: C)
You chose: C)
A)
In the middle of the iteration
B)
Exactly before the planning meeting
Correct answer
C)
This can happen throughout the sprint or in a meeting a few days prior to sprint planning
D)
Immediately after the retrospective, but before the planning meeting
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
The product owner works with the team to groom the backlog, which includes the team's estimate of effort for every item. This can happen throughout the sprint or in a meeting a few days prior to sprint planning.
Question 11 of 41
Choose an incorrect Agile Manifesto Value.
Correct answer: B)
You chose: B)
A)
Individuals and Interactions over Processes and Tools
Correct answer
B)
Customer Collaboration over Contract Arrangement
C)
Working Software over Comprehensive Documentation
D)
Responding to Change over Following a Plan
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
Customer Collaboration over Contract Negotiation is a correct Agile Manifesto Value.
Question 12 of 41
Who is responsible for communicating progress, and managing the stakeholders in Scrum?
Correct answer: D)
You chose: D)
A)
Both Scrum Master and Product Owner
B)
Scrum Master
C)
Team
Correct answer
D)
Product Owner
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
The product owner is responsible for managing the
release scope and date, managing the budget, communicating progress, and managing the stakeholders.
Question 13 of 41
Feature teams are organized around:
Correct answer: A)
You chose: D)
Missed correct answer
A)
Product Backlog Items
B)
Software Architecture
C)
Motivated individuals
Incorrect answer
D)
Product Increment
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
Feature teams are organized around product backlog items, component teams around the software architecture.
Question 14 of 41
What diagram illustrates the spectrum of environments and helps to identify management decisions on two dimensions: the degree of certainty and the level of agreement?
Correct answer: D)
You chose: B)
A)
Gantt Diagram
Incorrect answer
B)
Pareto Diagram
C)
Tornado Diagram
Missed correct answer
D)
Stacey Diagram
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
A useful map for navigating your way into the concepts and field of complexity is "The Stacey Matrix" or Stacey Diagram. It can help to guide you by offering a method to select the appropriate management actions in a complex adaptive system based on the degree of certainty and level of agreement on the issue in question.
The art of management and leadership is having an array of approaches and being aware of when to use which approach. Ralph Stacey proposed a matrix to help with this art by identifying management decisions on two dimensions: the degree of certainty and the level of agreement.
Question 15 of 41
Effect of how team members pick up information just by being in the same room or general idea where a conversation is taking place is called:
Correct answer: A)
You chose: B)
Missed correct answer
A)
Osmotic communication
Incorrect answer
B)
Knowledge sharing
C)
Conveying information
D)
Information Radiator
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
Effect of how team members pick up information just by being in the same room or general idea where a conversation is taking place is called "osmotic communication".
Question 16 of 41
The company invests in a project that costs $200,000. The benefits of doing the project save the company $230,000 in the first year alone. What would be ROI of the project in this case?
Correct answer: D)
You chose: C)
A)
2.15%
B)
10%
Incorrect answer
C)
1,15%
Missed correct answer
D)
15%
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
The ROI would be calculated as (benefit - cost) / cost, or $30,000 / $200,000 = 15%
Question 17 of 41
What development practice is driven by the philosophy saying that you should have some idea of how a particular software module or feature will be used and that you should begin creating that module with that in mind?
Correct answer: A)
You chose: A)
Correct answer
A)
Test-first
B)
Refactoring
C)
Continuous Integration
D)
Code Review
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
The philosophy that drives test-first development is that you should have some idea of how a particular software module or feature will be used and that you should begin creating that module with that in mind.
Question 18 of 41
Under what methodology most likely might be an agreement "we agree to deliver new features within 21 days with a 95% confidence limit"?
Correct answer: D)
You chose: C)
A)
XP
B)
Scrum
Incorrect answer
C)
RUP
Missed correct answer
D)
Kanban
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
Speed measurements in Kanban projects—time from release
off a backlog into development until feature complete (tested,
accepted)—are being used in service level agreements. Because of the strict work-in-process limits, agreements such as "we agree to deliver new features within 21 days with a 95% confidence limit" can be made.
Question 19 of 41
All of the following statements about the Crystal are true except:
Correct answer: B)
You chose: B)
A)
Crystal methodologies are indexed by Color
Correct answer
B)
Crystal methodologies are intrinsically low tolerant
C)
Crystal methodologies address only colocated teams
D)
The core Crystal philosophy is that software development is usefully viewed as a cooperative game of invention and communication
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
Alistair Cockburn indexes the Crystal methodologies by color: Clear, Yellow, Orange, Red, Magenta, Blue, Violet, and so on. The other restriction on Crystal methodologies is that they address only colocated teams. As discussed earlier, none of the distributed and offshore development projects would count as methodologically successful. The only recommendation I have for such projects is to put the team together at one location. Two values are that Crystal methodologies are intrinsically People- and communication-centric and Highly tolerant.
Question 20 of 41
Migrating to agile means more than changing your process. It also requires a change in culture. For most companies, changing culture is the most difficult part. What of the following is not a valid reason for resisting moving to Agile processes?
Correct answer: D)
You chose: D)
A)
Companies get comfortable with their existing development process
B)
Many people still believe that requirements change because they're poorly managed. They can't comprehend a process that embraces changing requirements
C)
Most managers have been trained to control events. Empowering the development team to deliver and co-own the project isn't intuitive for managers
Correct answer
D)
In larger companies, whole groups are dedicated to regulating and overseeing
projects. An agile team has a huge need for these services, so some employees believe that can't handle it
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
In larger companies, whole groups are dedicated to regulating and overseeing projects. An agile team has less need for these services, so some employees may feel that their jobs are threatened.
Question 21 of 41
The build on a project is taking a long time because it is running thousands of lines of code that access the database. What is the FIRST thing to consider in order to speed up the build process?
Correct answer: C)
You chose: C)
A)
Get an automated configuration management tool
B)
Test an interface
Correct answer
C)
Consider mocking out the database
D)
Get an automated test tool
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
A technique commonly used in the context of crafting automated unit tests and automated builds. It consists of instantiating a test-specific version of a software component (typically a class), which instead of the normal behaviors provides precomputed results, and often also checks that it's invoked as expected by the objects being tested. For instance, the "mock" version of a database component will a) provide "canned" answers to database queries, instead of connecting to a real live database, and b) verify that the database is being accessed in the manner expected and stipulated in the test.
Question 22 of 41
What are the two primary sources for agile values?
Correct answer: D)
You chose: B)
A)
The Declaration of Independence, and the Manifesto for Agile Software Development
Incorrect answer
B)
The Manifesto for Agile Software Development and the Principles Behind the Manifesto
C)
The Agile Project Leadership Network and the Agile Alliance
Missed correct answer
D)
The Declaration of Interdependence, and the Manifesto for Agile Software Development
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
There are two primary sources for agile values, the Declaration of Interdependence, and the Manifesto for Agile Software Development.
Question 23 of 41
What of the following is not a correct sample of the work done during Iteration 0?
Correct answer: A)
You chose: A)
Correct answer
A)
A few User Stories
B)
Preliminary component architecture
C)
Requirements documentation
D)
Training
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
The following are a couple of examples of work done in iteration 0. A project to develop a large business software application, one that must be integrated with other business applications, may require some data architecture work to adequately define the interfaces with those other applications. In the case of an electronic instrument, the team might find it useful to create a preliminary component architecture. Teams utilizing unfamiliar technology may need time for training prior to a project's launch and time to establish a development environment. A customer may demand some requirements documentation prior to signing a contract. All these examples indicate a need for some time expenditure prior to launching into iterative story development.
Question 24 of 41
Which of the following is not the correct purpose of an agile release plan?
Correct answer: D)
You chose: D)
A)
Foster a better understanding of project viability and feasibility
B)
Outline assessment and mitigation of risk
C)
Enable answers to management questions about value, schedule, and cost
Correct answer
D)
Create a fixed plan with prioritized capabilities and stories
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
To solve this plan/no-plan dilemma, all parties must understand the purpose of an agile release plan is to: Foster a better understanding of project viability and feasibility, Outline assessment and mitigation of risk, Enhance a team's ability to prioritize capabilities and stories, Give the team a "feel" for the entire project, Enable answers to management questions about value, schedule, and cost, Create a comfort level about the project with both team members and management, Create a plan for partial deployment.
Question 25 of 41
Product changes are owned by:
Correct answer: D)
You chose: D)
A)
QA
B)
The Project Manager
C)
The Team
Correct answer
D)
The Customer
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
Process changes are owned by the team, whereas product changes are owned by the customer.
Question 26 of 41
In agile projects, integrated change control is often referred to as:
Correct answer: A)
You chose: C)
Missed correct answer
A)
Continuous backlog management
B)
Continuous stakeholders management
Incorrect answer
C)
Continuous improvement
D)
Kaizen
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
In agile projects, integrated change control is referred to as "continuous backlog management".
Question 27 of 41
Which type of contract is the worst for an agile project?
Correct answer: D)
You chose: D)
A)
Time and Material (T&M)
B)
Cost-reimbursable incentive fee (CRIF)
C)
Fixed Price Incentive Fee (FPIF)
Correct answer
D)
Firm Fixed Price (FFP)
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
Firm Fixed Price contract is the worst type of contract as it fixes the scope, time, and cost. Some agile companies choose to contract on a T&M basis with built-in checkpoints (iteration demos) tied to compensation. Part of planning for what we need to contract is determining how best to contract for it. A fixed price contract with a vendor hoping to profit from changes, combined with rigorous change approval mechanisms to contain cost, may approximately double the cost and time it takes to develop the software, while producing a lower quality result.
Question 28 of 41
You have three teams all working together on various parts of an integrated product. One of the teams had caused defects in another team's part of the code. Everyone came running to you to solve the problem. What is your best action?
Correct answer: C)
You chose: A)
Incorrect answer
A)
Leave the problem for now and discuss it during the next Daily meeting
B)
Call a project status meeting with everyone, and call the VP of development and senior architect so that they can figure out the best solutions
Missed correct answer
C)
Asked whoever was involved in the situation to gather in the main conference room and try to find a solution
D)
Make a decision yourself
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
The best people to solve this problem were not the project stakeholders and the vice president of development. Rather, the teams themselves could solve these problems by iterating solutions together. Getting the right brains in the room together can solve any problem.
Question 29 of 41
When should the Sprint Retrospective be held?
Correct answer: C)
You chose: C)
A)
Only at the end of the last Sprint
B)
In the middle of each Sprint
Correct answer
C)
At the end of each Sprint
D)
At the beginning of the last Sprint
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
The Sprint Retrospective occurs after the Sprint Review and prior to the next Sprint Planning Meeting.
Question 30 of 41
What is the primary way a Scrum Master keeps a Development Team working at its highest level of productivity?
Correct answer: A)
You chose: A)
Correct answer
A)
By facilitating Development Team decisions and removing impediments
B)
By ensuring the meetings start and end at the proper time
C)
By keeping high value features high in the Product Backlog
D)
By preventing changes to the Backlog once the Sprint begins
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
The Scrum Master serves the Development Team in several ways, including: removing impediments to the Development Team's progress, facilitating Scrum events as requested or needed.
Question 31 of 41
You are a project manager working in a foreign country. You observe that some of your project team members are having a difficult time adjusting to the new culture. You provided them with training on cultural differences and the customs of the country before arriving, but they still seem uncomfortable and disoriented. Which of the following statements is true?
Correct answer: B)
You chose: B)
A)
This is the result of working with teams of people from two different countries
Correct answer
B)
This condition is known as culture shock
C)
This is the result of jet leg and travel fatigue
D)
This condition is known as global cultureless
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
When people work in unfamiliar environments, culture shock can occur. Training and researching information about the country you'll be working in can help counteract this.
Question 32 of 41
Which organization has set the de facto standards for project management techniques?
Correct answer: C)
You chose: C)
A)
PMBOK
B)
PMO
Correct answer
C)
PMI
D)
PMA
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
The Project Management Institute (PMI) is the industry-recognized standard for project management practices.
Question 33 of 41
Product Burndown Chart illustrates:
Correct answer: C)
You chose: B)
A)
Work completed
Incorrect answer
B)
Work to be completed
Missed correct answer
C)
Meta-view perspective of product development progress
D)
Budget Spent
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
Product Burndown Chart illustrates a meta-view perspective of product development progress.
Question 34 of 41
Project Portfolio Backlog lists:
Correct answer: D)
You chose: C)
A)
Current projects and high level features
B)
Potential projects and their estimations
Incorrect answer
C)
Benefit cost analysis of the potential projects
Missed correct answer
D)
Current and potential projects
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
Project Portfolio Backlog lists current and potential projects.
Question 35 of 41
A specific amount of time or money used for the sole purpose of absorbing risk is called:
Correct answer: B)
You chose: A)
Incorrect answer
A)
Risk Cost
Missed correct answer
B)
Risk Exposure
C)
Risk Discount Rate
D)
Risk Cost Exposure
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
A specific amount of time or money used for the sole purpose of absorbing risk is called Risk Exposure.
Question 36 of 41
A Ration of Earned Value and Planned Value that can be used to calculate when a project will be completed, or how a project is progressing is called:
Correct answer: C)
You chose: C)
A)
Earned Value (EV)
B)
Cost Perfomance Index (CPI)
Correct answer
C)
Schedule Performance Index (SPI)
D)
Budget At Completion (BAC)
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
A Ration of Earned Value and Planned Value that can be used to calculate when a project will be completed, or how a project is progressing is called Schedule Performance Index (SPI)
Question 37 of 41
What is the Scrum attitude to a planning?
Correct answer: C)
You chose: C)
A)
Our goal is to conform to the plan
B)
The Agile Manifesto says that plans are not important
Correct answer
C)
Our goal is to rapidly replan and adapt
D)
Planing is done by completing a phase and being permitted to enter the next phase
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
On a Scrum development effort our goal is not to conform to some plan, some up-front prediction of how we thought things might go. Instead, our goal is to rapidly replan and adapt to the stream of economically important information that is continuously arriving during the development effort.
Question 38 of 41
Who "owns" quality in Scrum team?
Correct answer: A)
You chose: A)
Correct answer
A)
The Scrum Team
B)
The Scrum Master
C)
The Testers
D)
The Product Owner
Points: 1 out of 1
Feedback:
In Scrum, quality isn't something a testing team "tests in" at the end; it is something that a cross-functional Scrum team owns and continuously builds in and verifies every sprint.
Question 39 of 41
Grooming is an ongoing collaborative effort led by:
Correct answer: B)
You chose: D)
A)
The Scrum Master
Missed correct answer
B)
The Product Owner
C)
The Development Team
Incorrect answer
D)
The Scrum Team
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
Grooming is an ongoing collaborative effort led by the Product Owner and including significant participation from internal and external stakeholders as well as the Scrum Master and development Team.
Question 40 of 41
Which of the following is not one of the sequences of involving the diverce team members in the grooming?
Correct answer: D)
You chose: A)
Incorrect answer
A)
Ensuring that everyone will have a clearer, shared understanding of the product backlog
B)
Less time will be wasted in miscommunication and handoffs
C)
Bridging a gap between business people and technical people
Missed correct answer
D)
Decreased collective intelligence and perspectives of a diverce group of individuals
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
Good Product Owners understand the collaborative grooming fosters an important dialogue among all participants and leverages the collective intelligence and perspectives of a diferce group of individuals. Good Product Owners also know that by involving the diverce team members in the grooming, they ensure that everyone will have a clearer, shared understanding of the product backlog, so less time will be wasted in miscommunications and handoffs. Such collaborative efforts also go a long way toward bridging the gap between business and technical people.
Question 41 of 41
Which of the following is an incorrect way of using Velocity?
Correct answer: C)
You chose: B)
A)
As a Planning tool
B)
As a team diagnostic metric
C)
As a performance metric
 D)As a metric that helps a team to internally improve itself
Points: 0 out of 1
Feedback:
Velocity is used as a planning tool and as a team diagnostic metric. It should not be used as a performance metric in an attempt to judge team productivity. When misused in this way, velocity can motivate wasteful and dangerous behavior.
As a metric that helps a team to internally improve itself

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